Nathan Wood, Dr Robert Moorcroft and Dr Torill Bigg have put together an article about alternative fuels for use in the shipping industry. LNG and hydrogen are gaining traction as fuels for the future.
ENGLAND — The maritime transport industry is vital to our present day globalized world, with approximately 90% of traded commodities reliant on shipping. The global shipping industry is estimated to be responsible for about 2.5% of global CO2 emissions. This is further compounded by the strong reliance on heavy fuel oil, which when combusted produces COx, NOx, SOx and particulate matter (PM) emissions.
The shipping industry is estimated to be the source of 13% of the worlds SOx emissions. A key issue with SOx is its existence as PM2.5, which are particles small enough to pass through the lungs into the bloodstream contributing to myriad health conditions. SOx emissions can be so mitigated by using low-sulfur fuel oil; however, this comes at an increased financial cost.
An increasing number of regulations and targets are being implemented to reduce the greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions produced by shipping. The International Maritime Organization has set stringent targets to reduce the carbon footprint of international shipping by at least 40% by 2030, compared to 2008 levels.
A shortened version of our 'Sustainable Packaging: Material Selection, Carbon Reduction, and the Role of Legislation in Facilitating a Circular Economy' white paper has been featured on Sustainable Packaging News' website. Learn about the latest strategies for reducing carbon emissions in the packaging supply chain, including material selection and regulatory compliance.
All in all, organisations have control over, and choices in, a very large element of their scope 3 emissions. It’s not acceptable to plead that scope 3 is out of their control and is effectively in the gift of their supplier chains. Moreover, a corporation committed to environmental responsibility can work with its wider value chain to facilitate visibility and understanding of the scope 3 emissions that do include supplier emissions.
Beginning in 1765, the first industrial revolution transformed our economy by using coal to change the way goods were produced and manufactured. Since then, the second industrial revolution was driven by gas in 1870 before being followed by nuclear power in 1969. Today, we are driving through the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) as we see a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy such as solar and wind power. These revolutions show how quickly the manufacturing industry changes dependent on the source of power, with Industry 4.0 helping the manufacturing sector cut greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from the use of renewable energy.
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